• bl

    Parts of a Bill of Lading

    The different parts a Bill of Lading (abbreviated to B/L), one of the MOST important documents in the whole shipping and freight chain, that needs to be filled up..

    Please bear in mind that this “generic” information and does not refer to any line in particular as each line have their own format and setup..

    In this article we will discuss the address and reference details..

    Shipper – is the name and address details of the shipper who is shipping the cargo.. This may or may not be the actual owner or manufacturer of the cargo, but could also be a trader or freight forwarder depending on the type of bill of lading that is issued.. This could also be different from the exporter of the cargo..

    Consignee – is a key entity in the shipping chain and this field reflects the name and address details of the person or company that is legally allowed to receive the cargo covered in the bill of lading..

    This may or may not be the actual owner or recipient of the cargo as it could be a bank or trader or forwarder depending on the type of bill of lading that is issued..

    Being named as the consignee on the bill of lading also comes with the risk and responsibility of being held accountable for many issues such as non-clearance of cargoes, late clearance, claims etc..

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    There are a few documentations that is needed for import and export customs. Three of the documents are the main one which is needed at all times and another two is a supporting documents which might be needed sometimes. Bali Intercont Cargo will compile and prepare all of these documents as part of our service to you.

    These are the documents that is needed for customs purposes:

    • Invoice and Packing list: This is needed so that the customs department is informed in regards of your shipment
    • Airway Bill (AWB) – AWB is needed for air freight only. AWB has to be present at all times and it will be provided by the operator of the airline or the official cargo agent. This document will help the  communication between airports.
    • Bill of Lading (BL) – BL is needed for sea freight. This document is given by the operator of the ship which consists details of the shipment and it also provides the title of the shipment to parties that requires this information. BL is one of the three important documents needed in international trading to ensure that the exporter receive the payment and the importer receives the shipment.
    • Certificate of Origin (COO) – COO can be used to reduced the amount of import tax on your destination and it is provided by the department of commerce on the country of origin. This is based on the bilateral agreement between the two countries where to goods is shipped from and to or if the countries is in a certain zones or treaty.
    • Fumigation Certificate – Fumigation is a process that will remove pesticides from the goods and the packing materials. This applies mostly to wood materials. Once the goods is fumigated, the fumigator will provide a certificate to be shown to the customs in order to ensure the smoothness of the shipping process.
    • ISPM Certificate (International Standard Photosanitary Measurements) – It is a stamp given to acknowledge that the wood packaging had been treated according to the IPSM standards.
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