• airfreight

    Why Is Ocean Freight More Advantageous Than Air Freight?

    The two major ways of transporting cargo overseas is air freight and ocean fright. Due to rapid globalization and advancement of technology, businesses have got much more opportunities to expand as well as explore their network of consumers and suppliers. Unlike earlier, the transactions in the global market have become much easier due to the presence of advanced communication tools. International shipping has become a part and parcel of every business. The surge in demand of international shipping has forced the shipping companies to continuously evolve so as to provide the best services to the clients. Before the various other shipping options came into existence, all complies relied solely on ocean freight as a means to transport freight to various overseas locations. This is a tried and tested method of transportation and the practices that various shipping companies have been following since long have successfully overcome all the challenges faced in shipping. Ocean fright is a much more popular option than sea freight due to the following reasons:

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    Air Freight Need Not Be Expensive

    Air freight is without doubt a huge global market and you can virtually send any item overseas using a freight service by air. Whether it is an A4 envelope of documents or large and heavy oil drilling equipment – an air cargo shipping service can be used.

    More often than not a commercial aeroplane is sufficient for these freight movements, however for larger or heavier cargo, freighter aircraft are utilised. Freighter aircraft also referred to as cargo planes, are typically Boeing 747 planes that purely fly cargo around the world. These can be operated by commercial airline carriers, such as Cathay Pacific, British Airways, Lufthansa and other well known airline carriers. But there are also airline carriers that are dedicated purely to freight only and only operate freighters, such as Cargolux and Martinair.

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    What Are Qualitative Benefits of Cheap International Shipping?

    International Shipping company base in Bali Island

    Today international shipping has become a full scale business which is being manned by professional and organized cargo and freight transportation companies. It is significant to note here that international transport companies are offering robust solutions in the freight and cargo transfer which includes auto shipping, container transport services, besides shipping solutions for niche cargo items like artificial jewelry chemicals and many more. If we talk of qualitative benefits of cheap international auto shipping the very first thing that pops up in our mind is costing. The cargo and freight shipping companies across the globe are offering cheap shipping cost to China, Middle East Countries, Europe, US and Africa. The cheap shipping cost has offered fresh lease of life to the import/export companies as well as individuals who are moving to different countries with complete household. Taking the macroscopic view of qualitative benefits if international shipping, we move further and discuss in detail the microscopic qualitative benefits of cheap international shipping.

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    Documents Required for Export from Indonesia to Overseas

    The documents required for export are determined by the buyer’s request as mentioned at the selected payment event (L/C or other). The exporter must be careful in appropriately fulfilling the requirements of the documents requested in the L/C and seek immediate delivery, in order to avoid delays in payments.
    The usual documents required are:

    1. Export Declaration of Goods (PEB)
    2. Bill of Lading (B/L), Airway Bill (AWB) or other transport documents such as postel receipt, cargo receipt).
    3. Invoice
    4. Packing List
    5. Certificate of Origin (SKA)

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    Procedures for Export of Goods from Indonesia to Overseas

    Export activity is a trading system that allows a person to trade cross-country. Currently the government is trying to increase foreign exchange by boosting the flow of goods exports. Export procedures are actually easier than import procedure procedures as there are now more rules on imports than on exports, especially for tax payment issues.

    In import activities almost all goods subject to import duties and other taxes, while at the time of export more goods are not subject to export tax or exit duty. The export taxes imposed include exports of timber, rattan, and CPO (crude palm oil). For other export activities not currently subject to export taxes among other exports are fish, corn, banana, clothing, electronic equipment etc.

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    Export Decuments

    Documents Required for Export from Indonesia to Overseas

    The documents required for export are determined by the buyer’s request as mentioned at the selected payment event (L/C or other). The exporter must be careful in appropriately fulfilling the requirements of the documents requested in the L/C and seek immediate delivery, in order to avoid delays in payments.

    The usual documents required are:

    1. Export Declaration of Goods (PEB)
    2. Bill of Lading (B/L), Airway Bill (AWB) or other transport documents such as postel receipt, cargo receipt).
    3. Invoice
    4. Packing List
    5. Certificate of Origin (SKA)

    In certain cases it is also necessary:

    •  Insurance (if requested by buyer)
    • · Taxpayer ID number (NPWP)
    • · Quality Statement (SPM) or Quality certificate (SM)
    • · Export LKP (Truth Examination Report), for products receiving Bapeksta facility or subject to PE (Export Tax) or PET (Export Supplemental Tax).

    A. Export Declaration of Goods (PEB)

    PEB is the main document that must be filled correctly by obtaining the approval of Customs and Excise. On the basis of SK. Minister of Finance No: 1012/KMK.00/1991 year 1991 on Export Declaration of Goods.

    PEB is the only document submitted to Customs and Excise, and is useful for:

    1. Customs clearance in country/port of origin of goods
    2. The main document for the purposes of trade statistics
    3. Export tax stipulation

    Complete PEB document consists of 10 sheets with details of 3 extra copies and other 7 sheets for the purposes of:

    1. Export Bank (original document)
    2. Bank Indonesia
    3. Bureau of Statistics (BPS)
    4. Regional Office of the Department of Commerce
    5. Finance Department
    6. Customs and Excises
    7. Copy for exporter

    B. Copy Extras

    For exporters subject to Export Tax (PE) and Additional Export Tax (PET) required the ninth sheet for the Directorate General of Monetary.
    After the PEB in Fiat is loaded by the customs officials, export commodities are put into the ship, then the shipping party will issue a Bill of Lading (B/L). Before B/L is issued, in the event of loss, damage or other matters to the export commodity, the shipping party can not be held liable.

    Meanwhile Article 23a UCP 500 ( Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits,)  establishes Bill of Lading is a document that clearly indicates the name of the carrier signed by the transporter/agent appointed on behalf of the carrier, indicating that the goods have been loaded aboard with the date of issue. Bill of Lading shows the loading and unloading ports specified in the Letter of Credit and contains the conditions of carriage.

    Thus it can be concluded, a sheet of B/L generally there are 3 (three) main elements are:

    1. Receipt of goods.
    2. Contract of carriage.
    3. Statement of ownership of goods.

    Judging from its usefulness, we recognize the type of B/L as follows:

    1. Negotiable B/L or Original B/L,
      It is a B/L that can be used as a valuable document for L/C disbursement or can be traded. This type of B/L usually consists of a set (Full Set) namely Original 1,2,3. The law that applies here is if one of the original sheets has been used, then the other sheet is not applicable (One for all, All for One).
      The opposite of the Negotiable B/L is Non Negotiable B/L, ie a copy of B/L which can not be used for L/C melting.
    2. On Board B/L & Receipt B/L
      On Board means that the goods have been received on the ship carrying the goods which in principle B / L date is the same as the On Board date. Requests in L / C are generally On Board B/L.
    3. Receipt B/ L is B/L issued by the carrier as receipt of goods, but not yet received on board deck. The Bank may reject such B/L for L/C disbursement (think of it as a deviation / descrepencies).
    4. Clean and foul Bill of Lading.
      Almost all L/C requirements require Clean B/L which means that in B L there is no record that mentions imperfect packing including its own cargon, such as a breakage of drum, rusted steelbend, Poor packing), shortage of quantity and others.
      In short Clean B/L is B/L without additional notes. The opponent of Clean B/L is Foul B/ L, meaning B/L is flawed with additional notes that explain the state of the packing is not perfect and so forth.
    5. Long Form and Short Form B/ L.
      Generally on B/L (backyard), B/L conditions are included which include transport conditions that are unilaterally defined by the voyage. Thus, if there is a difference of opinion between the sender with the carrier or the shipping company, the terms of transportation is what will be the source of reference. This kind of B/L is called Long Form B/L. In this case, if there is a difference of opinion between the sender and the carrier is called the Short Form B/L. In this case if there is a difference of opinion then the law of the country where the shipping company is domiciled that will be used as a source of reference.
    6. Combined Transport B/L Multimodal B/L and Single Capital B/ L.
      It is a type of B/L that utilizes more than a kind of transportation with the same B/L, meaning that after arriving at the destination port it will be forwarded by using 2 or more different types of conveyance (sea, land, air). The opposite of Multi Capital is Single Capital.
    7. Express B/L
      To avoid Stale B/L then use Express B/L ie B L sent by Fax, for that B/L original do not need to be submitted. With Faxed B/L then the item is removed from the port without the need to use the original B/L. There is also another way is to use a bank guarantee that guarantee the maximum 3 months later the original B/L will be submitted.
    8. Stale B/L
      For a short distance such as Jakarta-Singapore the ship will arrive at the port of destination within 1×24 hours so there is a possibility the ship has arrived, but the B/L is late 1 or 2 days. So that B/L becomes stale / Stale, this is called Stale B/L.
    9. Switch B/ L
      In the case of Back to Back L/C, since the intermediary trader / trader does not want the buyer to know the seller’s address, the first B / L listed the actual Shipper name is renamed Trader, the second B/L is no longer the actual shipper type B/L is known as B/L switch (B/L replaced). The first B/L published was called Master B/L.
    10. Third Party B/L
      This is the type of B/L where the other shiper’s name is contained in the L/C, meaning that the first exporter is not able to deliver the goods, so the other party who shipped it.
    11. Ocean B/L and House B/L
      In addition to shipping companies, Forwarding Company may also issue B/L. B/L issued by the shipping company is referred to as Ocean B/L while issued by Forwarding Company is referred to as House B/L.
    12. Chartered B/L
      In addition to shipping companies and Forwarding Company then there is also B / L issued by the party chartering the ship, this type of B / L is known as Chartered B/L.

    C. Certificate of Origin (COA) or Certificate of Origin / COO

    This certificate states the country of origin of the exported product and is usually requested in terms of contract and / or L/C. There are several provisions that regulate SKA for Indonesian export commodities. This decision letter is accompanied by a decision as the implementation of the provisions concerning SKA expenditures for Indonesian export commodities. This SKA is issued by the Agricultural Quarantine Center for the purpose of exporting Agricultural commodities to foreign countries or the Regional Office of the Department of Trade and the Office of the Department of Commerce.


    Goods Export Declaration Document (PEB)

    Export Declaration of GoodsExport Declaration of Goods (PEB) is a document that must be made by the exporter when going to export goods, it is based on Regulation of the Minister of Finance no. 155 / PMK.04 / 2008 concerning Customs Notices. The philosophy of this document is that any goods left or entered from or into the territory of the Indonesian republic shall be notified to the state in this case “represented” by Customs.

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    Aircargo Tracking by Airwaybill-Number

    The easiest way to find the status of your air cargo shipment. Click the links of the airlines below and visit the airfreight tracking sites of the carriers. All you need is the AWB-number.

    ABSA Cargo Airline M3 549
    Adria Airways JP 165
    Aegean Airlines A3 390
    Aer Lingus Cargo EI 053
    Aeroflot SU 507
    Aeroflot  SU 555
    (from/to Germany: Aeroflot)
    Aerolineas Argentinas AR 044
    Aerosvit VV 870
    Aeromexico Cargo AM 139
    AeroUnion 6R 873
    Air Algerie AH 124
    Air Arabia G9 514
    Air Armenia QN 907 *
    AirAsia D7 843
    AirAsia Berhad AK 807
    Air Astana KC 465
    Air Atlanta Icelandic CC 318
    Air Baltic BT 657
    Air Berlin AB 745
    AirBridge Cargo RU 580
    Air Canada AC 014
    Air China CA 999
    Air Europa Cargo UX 996
    Air France AF 057
    Air Greenland GL 631
    Air Hong Kong LD 288
    Air India AI 098
    Air Jamaica JM 201
    Air Macau NX 675
    Air Madagascar MD 258
    Air Malawi QM 167
    Air Malta KM 643
    Air Mauritius MK 239
    Airmax Cargo X8 658
    Air Moldova 9U 572
    Air New Zealand NZ 086
    Air Niugini PX 656
    Air Serbia (JAT) JU 115
    Air Seychelles HM 061
    Air Tahiti Nui TN 244 (flight tracking only)
    Air Transat TS 649
    Alaska Airlines AS 027
    Alitalia AZ 055
    Allied Air 4W 574
    Aloha Air Cargo KH 687
    American Airlines AA 001
    Amerijet International M6 810
    ANA All Nippon Cargo NH 205
    Arik Air 725 W3 *
    Asiana Airlines OZ 988
    Astral Aviation 8V 485
    Atlantic Southeast Airlines EV 862
    Atlas Air 5Y 369
    AV Cargo Z3 757
    Avianca Cargo AV 134
    Azerbaijan Airlines J2 771

    Bahamasair UP 111
    Bangkok Airways PG 829
    Biman Bangladesh BG 997
    Bringer Air Cargo E6 417
    British Airways BA 125
    Brussels Airlines SN 082
    Bulgaria Air FB 623

    CAL Cargo Air Lines 5C 700
    Camair-Co QC 040
    Canadian Airlines Int´l CP 018
    Cargojet Airways W8 489
    Cargolux Airlines CV 172
    Caribbean Airlines BW 106
    Cathay Pacific Airways CX 160
    Cayman Airways KX 378
    Centurion Air Cargo WE 307
    China Airlines CI 297
    China Cargo Airlines CK 112
    China Eastern Airlines MU 781
    China Southern Airlines CZ 784
    Comair OH 886
    Continental Airlines CO 005
    Copa Airlines Cargo CM 230
    Corsair SS 923
    Coyne Airways 7C 575
    Croatia Airlines OU 831
    Cubana de Aviacion CU 136
    Cyprus Airways CY 048
    Czech Airlines OK 064

    Delta Air Lines DL 006
    DHL Aero Expreso 992 D5
    DHL Aviation/DHL Airways ER 423
    DHL Aviation / European Air Transport QY 615
    Dragonair KA 043

    Egyptair MS 077
    EL AL LY 114
    Emery Worldwide EB
    Emirates EK 176
    Estafeta Carga Aerea E7 355
    Estonian Air OV 960
    Ethiopian Airlines ET 071
    Eva Airways BR 695

    Far Eastern Air Transport EF 265
    Fedex FX 023
    Finnair AY 105
    flydubai cargo FZ 141

    Gabon Airlines GY 013
    Garuda Indonesia GA 126
    Global Aviation and Services 5S 301
    Go Airlines G8
    Gol Airlines (VRG Linhas Aéreas) G3 127
    Gulf Air GF 072

    Hainan Airlines HU 880
    Hawaiian Airlines HA 173
    Hong Kong Airlines N8 851
    Hong Kong Express UO 128

    Iberia IB 075
    Icelandair FI 108
    IndiGo CarGo 6E 312
    Insel Air Cargo 7I 958
    Iran Air IR 096

    Japan Air System JD 234
    Japan Airlines JL 131
    Jet Airways 9W 589
    Jet Airways Inc. (US) QJ 508
    Jetairfly TB 754
    Jetblue Airways B6 279
    Jet Club 0J 254
    Jubba Airways 3J 535

    Kalitta Air K4 272 (from Hongkong)
    Kenya Airways KQ 706
    KLM Cargo KL 074
    Korean Air KE 180
    Kuwait Airways KU 229

    LACSA Airlines of Costa Rica LR 133
    LAN Airlines (LATAM) LA 045
    LAN Chile Cargo UC 145
    Lauda Air NG 231
    Leaderjet 1A 790
    LIAT Airlines LI 140
    LOT Polish Airlines LO 080
    LTU (Leisure Cargo) AB 745
    Lufthansa Cargo AG LH 020

    Malaysian Airline System MH 232
    Malaysian Airline
    Mandarin Airlines AE 803
    Martinair Cargo MP 129
    MASAir MY 865
    Middle East Airlines ME 076
    MNG Airlines MB 716
    Movie Reviews MR 711

    National Air Cargo N8 416 (multiple AWB tracking)
    Nippon Cargo Airlines KZ 933
    Northern Air Cargo NC 345
    (Northwest Airlines) Delta Air Lines NW 012
    Norwegian Cargo DY 328

    Olympic Airways OA 050
    Oman Air WY 910

    Pakistan Int´l Airlines PK 214
    Pegasus Cargo PC 624
    Philippine Airlines PR 079
    Polar Air Cargo PO 403

    Qantas Airways QF 081
    Qatar Airways QR 157

    Royal Air Maroc AT 147
    Royal Brunei Airlines BI 672
    Royal Jordanian RJ 512
    RUS (Reliable Unique Services) Aviation R4 827
    Ryan Air FR ???

    SAC South American Airways S6 817
    SAS-Scandinavian Airlines System SK 117
    SATA Air Acores SP 737
    SATA International S4 331
    Saudi Arabian Airlines SV 065
    Shandong Airlines SC 324
    Shanghai Airlines FM 774
    Shenzhen Airlines ZH 479 (Chinese)
    Siberia Airlines 421 S7
    Sichuan Airlines 3U 876
    Silk Air 629 MI
    Silk Way Airlines 463 ZP
    Silk Way West Airlines 501 7L
    Singapore Airlines SQ 618
    Skygreece Airlines GW 358
    Skylease Cargo KY 576
    Sky West Airlines OO 302
    Solar Cargo 4S 644
    South African Airways SA 083
    Southwest Airlines WN 526
    spiceJet 775 SG
    SriLankan Cargo UL 603
    Starlight Airlines QP 321
    Swiss LX 724
    Syrian Arab Airlines RB 070

    TAAG-Angola Airlines DT 118
    TAB Transportes Aereos Bolivianos B1 901
    TACA TA 202
    TAM Brazilian Airlines JJ 957 (international tracking ) *
    Tampa Airlines QT 729
    TAP Air Portugal 047 TP
    Tarom 281 RO
    Thai Airways TG 217
    Thomson Airways AB 745
    TMA Trans Mediterranean Airways T2 370
    TMA Trans Mediterranean Airways N2 673
    TNT Airways 3V 756
    Trans American Airways/TACA Peru T0 530
    Trans Mediterranean Airways TL 270
    Tunisair TU 199 *
    Turkish Airlines TK 235 (more tracking)

    Ukraine Int´l Airlines PS 566
    Uni Airways B7 525
    United Airlines Cargo UA 016
    UPS Air Cargo 5X 406
    Ural Airlines Cargo U6 262
    USAirways US 037

    VARIG RG 042/183
    Vietnam Airlines VN 738
    Vensecar Internacional V4 946
    Virgin Atlantic VS 932

    Westjet Cargo WS 838

    XiamenAir MF 731

    Container Tracking

    Track your Ocean Cargo by Container or BL (Bill Of Lading) – Number.
    Click on the links below to visit the tracking and tracing of the various carriers:

    Cargo Articles

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    Indonesian Cargo News