• Daily Archives: December 2, 2017

    Directorate General of Air Transportation Open Lombok Praya Airport

    Lombok International Airport in Praya, West Nusa Tenggara.

    JAKARTA – Director General of Air Transportation of the Ministry of Transportation Agus Santoso said Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar Bali operates normally and Lombok Praya International Airport reopened on Friday (1/12/2017) at 08.50 WITA.

    Based on the latest report from the Head of the Office of the Airport Authority of Region IV Denpasar Bali, Agus stated that at 08.00 WITA, there was no impact from Mount Agung eruption which disrupted flight operations at Ngurah Rai Airport and Lombok Praya Airport.

    “Therefore, we decided Ngurah Rai Airport to keep operating normally and Lombok Praya Airport reopened,” said Agus Santoso through a press release on Friday (1/12).

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    ALFI Urges BUMN and Private Partnership to Achieve ASEAN 2025 Connectivity Program

    JAKARTA – Connectivity of state-owned and private logistics companies is Indonesia’s ‘key’ to face the global market. This was revealed by the Chairman of ALFI (Indonesian Logistics and Forwarders Association), Yukki Nugrahawan Hanafi who emphasized the importance of collaboration among agencies to support government programs in making the program towards ‘ASEAN Connectivity 2025.’

    “Logistics connectivity in the ASEAN region can only be realized if we establish a strategic synergy between state-owned and private logistics companies. It will be far from the fire if the logistics industry players put forward the ego and put aside the spirit of collaboration, “said Yukki who is also the Chairman of the AFFA (ASEAN Federation of Forwarders Associations) recently.

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    Dealing with Sacred Dust


    Balipost.com reports that the Center for Volcanology and the Mitigation of Geological Disasters (PVMBG) has issued a list of practical tips should members of the public find themselves near Mount Agung or in areas where the atmosphere is contaminated by volcanic ash.

    • In order to reduce the risk of respiratory distress, people – primarily those living near or downwind from Mount Agung, should wear breathing masks that cover the mouth and nose filtering out volcanic ash.
    • Outside sports enthusiasts, mountain climbers, and tourists should not undertake any activities located within the “red zone” situated between 6-7.5 kilometers from Mount Agung’s peak.
    • Keep in contact with officials and agencies to immediately be aware of any change in the volcano’s alert status or alterations to the boundaries of the “red zone.”
    • While only the “red zone” is considered to be at risk of direct damage in the event of an eruption, volcanic ash from an eruption, depending on the prevailing wind conditions, could affect a much wider area and pose a hazard to the public who might breathe in the volcanic dust.
    • To carefully note the source of all information regarding Mount Agung’s status and be aware that hoax news is being circulated in order create panic.

    All news regarding Mount Agung is being carefully coordinated between the National Center for Volcanoes and Geological Disaster Mitigation (PVMBG), provincial, regional and local government, the Bali’s Disaster Mitigation Agency, and the Regency of Karangasem’s Disaster Mitigation Team.

    Keep up to date on reports on developments at Mount Agung via social media applications reporting real-time news and reports from mainstream media.

    © Bali Discovery Tours. Articles may be quoted and reproduced if attributed to http://www.balidiscovery.com.

    Sources: http://www.balidiscovery.com/messages/message.asp?Id=17993
    Re-posted by Pande

    Tourists #stuckinBali, but erupting Mount Agung has a deeper significance for the Balinese

    Villagers gather at an evacuation center in Karangasem on the Indonesian resort island of Bali on November 30, 2017. Photo: Juni Kriswanto

    According to international media coverage, the main problem with Gunung Agung’s eruption is that the airport was closed and tourists couldn’t get in or out.

    The people of East Bali are largely invisible in these reports, but they too are worried about getting home. While they are well aware of the physical danger, for them, the mountain also represents spiritual elevation and power. It embodies a god and its rumbles are a sign of the god’s displeasure.

    While Balinese are nominally Hindu, their most immediate spiritual relationships are with their ancestors and a host of other invisible beings related to the landscape and forces of nature.

    Moving out of harm’s way

    A month ago, people close to Mt Agung were told to evacuate, but they gradually drifted back to their homes and livelihoods. Now, they can see the glow of lava reflected in the night sky and local rivers running grey with cold lahar – all signs reminiscent of the last eruption in 1963.

    The alert has been raised back to the highest level of four and a 10 kilometer evacuation zone has been re-established around the crater, affecting about 150,000 people.

    Nobody wants to evacuate. It means abandoning homes, crops, animals and livelihoods, for an unknown time and an uncertain future. But people are doing it not just because the government is telling them to, but also because of what happened last time.

    The volcano and the god it embodies feature in most stories about the origins of Balinese culture, religion and political order. While not many people remember Mt Agung’s last eruption, there are stories and physical traces in the form of deep lava fields and the fertility of soils that have maintained some of the most productive rice fields in the world for at least a millennium.

    Read more: How Mount Agung’s eruption can create the world’s most fertile soil

    The wrath of the great mountain

    Gunung Agung means “great mountain”. It is the tallest of a cluster of volcanoes across the island, part of a much longer chain that extends through Java to the west and Lombok to the east. Thousands of people live on its slopes, tens of thousands around the foot of it and hundreds of thousands within the zone of previous lava flows and ash falls.

    Lahar from Mount Agung flowing down the Yeh Sah River. AAP Image/NEWZULU/Muhammad Fauzy Chaniago, CC BY-ND

    Mount Agung is what geologists call a stratovolcano. They do not erupt often but when they do it is usually in violent explosions. They often create lethal combinations: rains of heated rock and ash, poisonous gases, and massive, fast moving flows of lava supercharged with gases and other materials (known as pyroclastic flows).

    These kill, destroy and bury. Vesuvius in Italy (79 AD and 1631), Tambora (1815) and Krakatoa (1883) in Indonesia and Mt Tarawera in New Zealand (1886) are famous examples. Pinatubo in the Philippines (1991) was the biggest of the 20th century but Agung’s 1963 explosion was not far behind. It killed many more people.

    The official Agung death toll in 1963 was around 1500, but the reality was more like 2000. Most were killed by pyroclastic flows, which buried whole valleys and villages. Some people fled but others saw the eruption as the work of the gods and stayed and prayed as the lava advanced. Some survived, most did not.

    Anna Mathew’s little known book The Night of Purnama, observed and written from a village high on the slopes, tells of a build-up eerily similar to what is happening now, culminating in a series of massive eruptions with a catastrophic aftermath. The falling ash destroyed crops across the eastern half of the island. Widespread hunger and dislocation followed. People ate the trunks of banana trees to survive and young men took to the roads in search of work and food.

    Mt Agung’s last eruption

    Indonesia in 1963 was not a happy place. After 16 years of independence, it had serious economic problems, fragile food security and growing political instability. Sukarno, the first president, retained a fragile grip on power, but was threatened by the growing strength of a huge communist party, asserting the rights of landless farmers and sharecroppers.

    The previous year a plague of rats had decimated the rice crop, proving that the gods were offended and more disasters would follow. Religious leaders and scholars debated whether the time had come for the Eka Dasa Rudra, the greatest island-wide ritual of purification and re-establishment of order. It is normally held at the turn of a (Balinese) century but may also be held in times of crisis to avert greater disasters.

    Meanwhile Sukarno was casting around for sources of foreign exchange, and eyeing the lucrative growth of tourism in countries such as Thailand. He decided to promote tourism, with the dazzling religious and artistic culture of Bali as its centrepiece. He invited the Pacific Asia Travel Association to hold their convention in Bali and timed it to coincide with the Eka Dasa Rudra.

    The ceremony is held at Besakih, a major temple of island-wide significance perched high on the southern slope of Gunung Agung. During the preparations the mountain began doing what it is doing now. The previous eruption had been 120 years earlier, so there were no living memories to go by. Balinese leaders interpreted this as a warning from the gods that something was wrong. They called for postponement, but were overruled.

    The ceremony began amid smoke and falling ash. As it proceeded, the real eruption began, blasting molten rock high into the air and pouring lava down its sides. Besakih survived, but the ceremonial gateway built to honour Sukarno was the first casualty of the gods’ displeasure. The catastrophic outcome and aftermath were seen as clear evidence of Sukarno’s loss of favour with the gods. He was deposed two years later.

    Mount Agung spewing hot volcanic ash as high as three kilometers into the atmosphere. EPA/MADE NAGI, CC BY-ND

    Ritual response

    Since 1963, population and density in Indonesia have more than doubled. More people live on the slopes of the mountain and higher up. On the other hand, most people are less dependent on local subsistence crops and infrastructure for delivery of food relief. Escape has also improved enormously. Likewise the evacuations should reduce the immediate impact on life and health.

    If this eruption continues to follow the pattern of 1963, the consequences for tourism, agriculture and livelihoods in general are likely to be greater than those of the terrorist bombs in 2002 and 2005. Most Balinese will agree that it is the doing of the gods, but there will be different interpretations of their reasons, ranging from violations of the sacred mountain by tourists and sand mining, to broader reflections on the direction of development and its social and environmental consequences.

    But the solution will be the same as after the bombs – ritual, bigger and better than ever, which will address the supernatural causes and attract the tourists back at the same time.

    The ConversationIf the big eruption doesn’t happen, the ash clouds will drift away, the planes will fly again, everyone will return to business as usual. It will all be forgotten, along with the evacuees, until next time.

    Graeme MacRae, Senior Lecturer in Social Anthropology, Massey University

    Sumber asli artikel ini dari The Conversation. Baca artikel sumber.

    Sources: https://coconuts.co/bali/features/tourists-stuckinbali-erupting-mount-agung-deeper-significance-balinese/
    Re-posted by Pande

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