• Daily Archives: October 7, 2017

    Air Freight Need Not Be Expensive

    Air freight is without doubt a huge global market and you can virtually send any item overseas using a freight service by air. Whether it is an A4 envelope of documents or large and heavy oil drilling equipment – an air cargo shipping service can be used.

    More often than not a commercial aeroplane is sufficient for these freight movements, however for larger or heavier cargo, freighter aircraft are utilised. Freighter aircraft also referred to as cargo planes, are typically Boeing 747 planes that purely fly cargo around the world. These can be operated by commercial airline carriers, such as Cathay Pacific, British Airways, Lufthansa and other well known airline carriers. But there are also airline carriers that are dedicated purely to freight only and only operate freighters, such as Cargolux and Martinair.

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    Logistics Costs Can Decrease, Provided …

    JAKARTA – The development of transportation infrastructure is expected to have a positive impact on the reduction of logistics costs of the country.

    Chairman of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) Rosan P. Roeslani said the new logistics costs could be more efficient if transportation and logistics are integrated.

    “Transportation and logistics infrastructure must be integrated in order to reduce the cost of logistics,” he said at a press conference of Indonesia Transport, Logistics & Maritime Week 2017 in Jakarta on Thursday (5/10/2017).

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    A Congested Volcano

    Scientist Say Deposit of Magma is, at Least Temporarily, Unable to Penetrate the Floor of Mt. Agung’s Crater

    (9/29/2017)

    After a full week of being under a “Level IV – Awas” alert, Bali’s Mount Agung has yet to erupt, despite numerous warnings that an eruption is imminent.

    Over the past few months scientists have tracked the movement of magma from a depth of 100 kilometers below the crater’s surface to current estimates of only 1-5 kilometers.

    RadarBali.com reports that on Thursday, September 28, 2017, volcanic earth tremors are extremely high, measuring 500 deep medium to deep tremors over the preceding 24 hours.

    That the volcano is not erupting has caused scientists to theorize that the extremely hot magma is at a temporary impasse, unable to penetrate the thick base of the crater that has hardened since the major eruption in 1963.

    The head of the Bali Volcanic Disaster Mitigation Agency (PVMBG), Gede Suantika said: “The covering layer sealing Mount Agung is very strong. Perhaps the energy behind the magma is unable to open a channel for the magma that will penetrate the bottom of the crater that has hardened over 54 years.”

    It is this uncertainty that has placed Mount Agung at a critical phase with the magma thought to be now only be 5 kilometers below the surface.

    Suantika cautioned that the behavior of Mount Agung in the 1963 eruption cannot reliably be used to predict what will happen with the current volcanic alert. Officials point out that the 1963 eruption occurred after a week of earth tremors. In the current situation, there has been no eruption after a week of local earthquakes. Whether or not the mountain will actually explode, is still beyond the forecasting abilities of the volcanic experts.

    Suantika said that in the current situation the best course of action is to maintain a high-level of caution, anticipating and preparing for the worst possible eventuality from Mt. Agung.

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    Sources: http://www.balidiscovery.com/messages/message.asp?Id=17429
    Re-posted by Pande

    How Mount Agung’s eruption can create the world’s most fertile soil

    A villager carries buckets to take water behind seen mount Agung at Kubu subdistrict in Karangasem on Bali island on October 6, 2017. Photo: Sonny Tumbelaka/AFP

    Budiman Minasny, University of Sydney; Anthony Reid, Australian National University, and Dian Fiantis, Universitas Andalas

    Mount Agung in Bali is currently on the verge of eruption, and more than 100,000 people have been evacuated. However, one of us (Dian) is preparing to go into the area when it erupts, to collect the ash.

    This eruption is likely to be catastrophic, spewing lava and ashes at temperatures up to 1,250℃, posing serious risk to humans and their livelihoods. Ash ejected from volcano not only affects aviation and tourism, but can also affect life and cause much nuisance to farmers, burying agricultural land and damaging crops. However, in the long term, the ash will create the world’s most productive soils.

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